The aim of the present document is to analyze the evolution of Mediterranean diet studies, from its origins circa Figure 1and to emphasize the different focus that have come to light over the last five or six decades: The Mediterranean dietary pattern is presented not only as a cultural model but also as a healthy and environmentally friendly model Serra-Majem et al.
Figure 1: Water consumption of certain food groups such as vegetable oils and fats or meat products would still be lower than the WDP. The Mediterranean diet has been well-characterized scientifically following the pioneering Seven Countries Study conducted by Ancel Keys in the 60s 6.
Despite its increasing popularity worldwide, mediterranean diet sustainability to the Mediterranean diet model is decreasing for multifactorial influences — life styles changes, food globalization, economic, and socio-cultural factors.
It is also considered one of the easiest dietary patterns to follow long-term due to its flexibility and the accessibility of the characteristic foods. Since then, the Mediterranean diet has been widely studied and reported to be a model of healthy eating associated with significant nutritional and health benefits 7 — According to these results, embrace the MDP in Spain would significantly reduce overall water consumption, in spite of a potential increase in water consumption from vegetable and fruit groups.
Unfortunately, a myriad of factors related to the Western economy including tourism, urbanization and increased technology as well as the globalization of production and consumption, are currently leading at these countries a steady but rapid transformation in their eating habits.
Mediterranean diet, sustainable diets, sustainable food systems, food consumption, food cultures, intangible cultural heritage Introduction Mediterranean dietary patterns have developed over the past or more years spreading from the Fertile Crescent 1 and influenced by the conquests of many different civilizations, the consolidated dietary rules of the three main monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islamand continuous interactions, additions, and exchanges inside and outside the region.
Agriculture is one of the principal contributors to the emissions of the last two gases previously mentioned while other parts of the food system promote CO2 emissions, through the use of fossil fuels in processing, transportation, retailing, storage and preparation.
Keywords Mediterranean diet; Sustainability; Health benefits; Culture; UNESCO; Environment Abstract The Mediterranean diet not only makes reference to some characteristic eating habits, it is also a cultural model that involves the way foods are selected, produced, processed and distributed.
Steps in the Pathway of addressing the Mediterranean diet. Daily main meals were highlighted; the concept of frugality and moderation was more emphasized because of the major public health challenge of obesity. Moreover, animal-based foods were found to cause the highest environmental effect in all dietary patterns.
Its adherence in Spain would make a significant contribution to greater sustainability of food production and consumption, in addition to the well-known benefits for public health. As an overall conclusion, a change from the current Spanish pattern just before the Mediterranean dietary pattern would be beneficial from both a health and environmental perspective.
This is a positive situation that could allow the empowering of the Mediterranean diet around the world, thereby enhancing in global health indicators and in decreasing of environmental impact by production and transportation of food resources Figure 2. Research such as those that assess food related environmental impacts of mean food dietary patterns, generally determine that a change on the way to less animal-based and more plant-based diets would have both a beneficial effect on climate and on the environment overall.
The largest environmental impact of food production from the farm level to consumers is generally related with primary production.
This along with better and more scientific evidence relating its benefits and effectiveness on longevity, quality of life and disease prevention, has taken this dietary pattern to an historical moment without precedent.The International Conference on Mediterranean Diet and Gastronomy: Linking Innovation, Sustainability and Health will be held at the University of Évora (Évora, Portugal), on.
Teil des Masterprogramms ist auch das Klimaverhandlungsexperiment des MIT Sloane Akademische Weiterbildung · InfoBrunch · Persönliche BetreuungMSc Sustainability & Responsible Management. · The centrality of the individual, the consumer, should be also considered in the assessment of the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet, in spite of lack of data availability on individuals in most of the southern and eastern Mediterranean ancientmarinerslooe.com by: The Mediterranean Diet as an Example of Environmental Sustainability Lluis Serra-Majem Lluis Serra-Majem 1,2,3*, Adriana Ortiz-Andrellucchi 1,2, Cristina Ruan-Rodriguez 1,2, Almudena SÃ¡nchez- Cited by: 1.